Mouth care

An injury such as a cut, swelling, ulcer or mass of the mouth.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Mouth injuries are often seen when the pet demonstrates pain when eating or blood is seen in saliva.

Common causes of a mouth problem:

  • Trauma or wound such as stick-injury
  • Infection
  • Dental disease
  • Cancer
  • Ulcer
  • Tongue injury

Common signs of a dental problem:

  • Decreased appetite
  • Unwillingness to eat hard food
  • Drooling
  • Bad breath
  • Plaque or tartar build up on teeth
  • Swollen, red or bleeding gums
  • Missing or broken teeth
  • Weight loss
  • Pawing at mouth

TIPS

Tips to help prevent mouth injuries at home:

  • Avoid playing with sticks that can cause penetrating injuries to the mouth
  • Brush teeth regularly or use dental techniques to maintain health of teeth
  • Have teeth regularly checked by veterinarian at annual visit

Tips that may help prevent dental disease:

  • Daily rinsing and brushing of teeth
  • Hard food as it is proven to leave less food particles on the teeth than soft food
  • Dental chews such as soft raw hides
  • Special foods e.g. prescription dental diets
  • Annual veterinary dental checks to pick up early disease
  • Veterinary dental cleaning as required
  • Applying sealants: Usually applied professionally for first application and then at home weekly by owner

If your pet seems uncomfortable or goes off its food, seek veterinary attention.